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Profiles Detail

Stephen B. Fountain


Education: Ph.D., The Johns Hopkins University (1981)
Research Area: Experimental - Behavioral Neuroscience

Research Interests

We study the behavioral and brain processes that give animals the ability to organize complex behavior. Our research in the areas of comparative cognition and neuroscience explores the psychological and neural processes underlying highly organized behavior. Our methods include cognitive paradigms tailored to the study of animals, behavioral neuroscience techniques, and computer simulations of cognitive processes.  Current research in the lab is focused in three areas, namely, the psychological processes involved in the organization of behavior through time, the effects of adolescent nicotine exposure on adult cognitive processes, and the study of brain structures and neurotransmitter systems involved in cognition.

Lab Site: Animal Cognition and Neuroscience Laboratory

Courses Frequently Taught

  • Basic Learning Processes (undergraduate)
  • Animal Cognition (undergraduate)
  • Introduction to Learning Core (graduate)
  • Comparative Cognition (graduate)
  • Connectionism and Neural Networks (graduate)
Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities

Fountain, S. B., Rowan, J. D., & Wollan, (In press).  Impairments of performance by atropine in a serial multiple choice task for rats.  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory.

Pickens, L. R., Rowan, J. D., Bevins, R. A., & Fountain, S. B. (2013). Sex differences in adult cognitive deficits after adolescent nicotine exposure in rats. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 38, 72-78. doi: 10.1016/

Fountain, S. B., Rowan, J. D., Muller, M. D., Kundey, S. M. A., Pickens, L. R. G., & Doyle, K. E.  (2012).  The organization of sequential behavior: Conditioning, memory, and abstraction.  In T. R. Zentall and E. A. Wasserman (Eds.), Handbook of Comparative Cognition (pp. 594-614).  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fountain, S. B., & Doyle, K. E.  (2011).  Association and abstraction in sequential learning: "What is learned?" revisited.  International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 24, 437-459.

Kundey, S. M. A., & Fountain, S. B. (2011). Irrelevant relations and the active search for pattern structure in rat serial pattern learning.  Animal Cognition, 14, 359-368.

Muller, M. D., & Fountain, S. B.  (2010). Concurrent cognitive processes in rat serial pattern learning: Item memory, serial position, and pattern structure.  Learning and Motivation, 41, 252-272.

Kundey, S. M. A., & Fountain, S. B. (2010). Blocking in rat serial pattern learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 36, 307-312.

Fountain, S. B., Rowan, J. D., Kelley, B. M., Willey, A. R., & Nolley, E. P.  (2008). Adolescent exposure to nicotine impairs adult serial pattern learning in rats. Experimental Brain Research, 187, 651-656.  DOI: 10.1007/s00221-008-1346-4

Fountain, S. B. (2008). Pattern structure and rule induction in sequential learning. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 3, 66-85. 

Wallace, D. G., Rowan, J. D., & Fountain, S. B. (2008). Determinants of phrasing effects in rat serial pattern learning.  Animal Cognition, 11, 199-214.  DOI: 10.1007/s10071-007-0110-7



Stephen B. Fountain
Department of Psychology
Phone: 330-672-3826
Fax: 330-672-3786