Maria S. Zaragoza
Education: Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University (1984)
Research Area: Experimental - Cognitive
Research interests are in memory and cognition. I am especially interested in source monitoring (the processes by which people identify the origins of their memories), the determinants of the phenomenal experience of remembering, and the application of theories regarding these processes to the suggestibility of eyewitness memory in adults and children. Other interests include the perseverance of false beliefs and misconceptions in the face of corrections and inconsistent evidence.
Lab Site: Zaragoza Laboratory
Courses Frequently Taught
- Cognitive Psychology (undergraduate)
- General Psychology (undergraduate)
- Honors General Psychology (undergraduate)
- Memory & Cognition (graduate)
- False Memory Seminar (graduate)
- Cognitive Psychology (graduate)
Scholarly, Creative & Professional Activities
*Chrobak, Q., & Zaragoza, M.S. (in press). Misinformation effects and the suggestibility of eyewitness memory: Theoretical and forensic implications. In Ridley, A., Gabbert, F. & La Rooy, D. (Eds.). Suggestibility in Legal Contexts: Psychological Research and Forensic Implications. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
Chrobak, Q., & Zaragoza, M. S. (2012). When Forced Fabrications Become Truth: Casual Explanations and False Memory Development. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0030093 2012).
Ackil, J., & Zaragoza, M. S. (2011). Forced fabrication versus interviewer suggestions: Differences in false memory depend on how memory is assessed. Applied Cognitive Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/acp.1785.
Zaragoza, M. S., Mitchell, K. J., Payment, K., & Drivdahl, S. (2011). False memories for suggestions: The impact of conceptual elaboration. Journal of Memory and Language, 64 (1), 18-31.
Memon, A., Zaragoza, M. S., Clifford, B. & Kidd, L. (2010). Inoculation or antidote? The effects of Cognitive Interview timing on false memory for forcibly fabricated events. Law & Human Behavior, 34, 105-117.
Chrobak, Q. & Zaragoza, M. S. (2009). The cognitive consequences of forced fabrication: Evidence from studies of eyewitness suggestibility. In W. Hirstein (Ed.), Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy, (pp. 67-90). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Drivdahl, S., Zaragoza, M.S., & Learned, D. (2009). The role of emotional elaboration in the creation of false memories. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23, 13-35.
Chrobak, Q. & Zaragoza, M. S. (2008). Inventing stories: Forcing witnesses to fabricate entire fictitious events leads to freely reported false memories. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15(6), 1190 – 1195.
Lane, S.M., & Zaragoza, M.S. (2007). A little elaboration goes a long way: The role of generation in eyewitness suggestibility. Memory & Cognition, 35(6), 1255-1266.
Hanba, J. M. & Zaragoza, M. S. (2007). Interviewer feedback in repeated interviews involving forced confabulation. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21(4), 433-455.
Zaragoza, M. S., Belli, R. S., & Payment, K. E. (2006). Misinformation effects and the suggestibility of eyewitness memory. In M. Garry & H. Hayne (Eds.). Do justice and let the sky fall: Elizabeth F. Loftus and her contributions to science, law, and academic freedom, (pp. 35- 63). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.